Holy Week Meditation and Study Guide
Fr. Andrew J. Demotses
The services of Holy Week transform us into eyewitnesses and direct participants
in the awesome events of the Passion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
In readings taken from both Old and New Testaments, in hymns, processions,
and liturgical commemoration, we see the fulfillment of the Messianic
prophecies, and the mighty acts by which God Himself, in the person of
Jesus Christ, grants us forgiveness for our sins, and rescues us from
the pain of eternal death.
Palm Sunday Evening
This evening’s service calls to mind the beginning
of Jesus’ suffering. The gospel describes the plotting of the priests
and elders to trap Jesus into convicting Himself as a religious heretic.
Through parables, Jesus tells us of His coming betrayal, trial, conviction
and execution by crucifixion. The hymns of this service commemorate two
things; the first, the prophetic figure of Joseph, who, while virtuous,
nonetheless suffered unjustly at the hands of his brothers before being
greatly rewarded, and the second, the parable of the fig tree, which in
failing to bear fruit, became a symbol of fallen creation, and of our
own lives, in which we also have failed to bear spiritual fruit.
Holy Monday Evening
Matthew 22:15-46; 23:1-39.
This evening’s theme is the need for watchfulness
and preparation, lest we be called unprepared before the awesome judgement
seat of Christ to render an account of ourselves. The gospel reading contrasts
the efforts of the Pharisees to trick and discredit Jesus, with the forceful
resistance which Christ mounts against their evil. The hymns remind us
of the parable of the Ten Virgins, in which the faithful Christian is
exhorted to vigilance.
Holy Tuesday Evening
The need for true repentance is the concern of Tuesday
evening’s service. This transformation from the life of sin to a life
of faith and obedience is exemplified for us in the person of the sinful
woman who received the gift for forgiveness when she anointed Jesus with
myrrh and washed His feet. The highlight of the service is the hymn written
in honor of this woman by St. Kassiani. The Gospel meditation foretells
of the coming suffering of Christ and recalls His inner struggles and
Holy Wednesday Afternoon and Evening
Epistle readings: James 5:10-16, Romans 15:1-7, I
Corinthians 12:27-31-13:1-8, II Corinthians 1:8-11. Galatians 5:22-6:2,
I Thessalonians 5:14-23. Gospel readings: Luke 10:25-37, Luke 19:1-10,
Matthew 10:1 & 10:5-8, Matthew 8:14-23, Matthew 25:1-13, Matthew 15:21-28,
and Matthew 9:9-13.
The primary theme of Holy Wednesday is our human need
for the healing and forgiveness that comes into our lives when we establish
a relationship with God through Jesus Christ. We are reminded that the
way to this relationship is to be found, above all else, through the life
of prayer. In the Sacrament of Holy Unction, the faithful are anointed
and thus, healed both physically and spiritually. They are also reconciled
to God and one another so that they might receive the gift of the Holy
Eucharist instituted by Christ at the Last Supper.
Holy Thursday Morning
Matthew 26:2-20, John 13:3-17, Matthew 26:21-39, Luke 22:43-45, and
On Holy Thursday morning, we ascend Mt. Zion with
Christ and the Twelve, and enter into the upper room. Once there, we witness
the awesome moment when, at the Last Supper, Christ abolishes the ritual
practice of the Old Covenant and establishes the ritual of the New Covenant,
prophesied by Jeremiah, through the Sacrament of Holy Communion. The faithful
receive Holy Communion at that Holiest of Liturgies.
Holy Thursday Evening
In this service, we commemorate the undeserved suffering of Jesus Christ,
endured for our sake, so that we might be reconciled anew to God our Father.
The Gospel readings witness for us the betrayal and arrest of Jesus, his
trial and conviction, and finally his torture, crucifixion and death at
the hands of a sinful humanity. This evening’s service also includes the
procession representing Christ carrying His own cross along the Via Dolorosa,
and ends when we see before us the King of Glory crucified. The Gospels
are as follows:
- John 13:31-18:1
- John 18:1-29
- Matthew 26:57-75
- John 18:28-19:16
- Matthew 27:3-32
- Mark 15:16-32
- Matthew 27:33-54
- John 19:25-37
- Mark 15:43-47
- John 19:38-42
- Matthew 27:62-66
Holy Friday Afternoon
I Corinthians 1:18-2:2, Matthew 27:1-38, Luke 23:39-43, Matthew 27:39-54,
John 19:31-37, and Matthew 27:55-61.
In this service, we are once again
reverent witnesses to the undeserved suffering of Christ, to his terrible
passion and death. What is remembered in a special way through liturgical
commemoration and procession, is the faithfulness and love of Joseph of
Arimathea who tenderly removed Christ’s body from the cross, wrapped it
in clean linen, and carried it to his own unused tomb for burial.
Holy Friday Evening
– Ezekiel 37:1-14, I Corinthians 5:6-8, Galatians 3:13-14, Matthew 27:62-66.
On Good Friday evening, the theme is Christ’s descent into Hades during
which the Gospel of repentance and reconciliation with God is shared with
those who died before Christ’s saving dispensation in the flesh. The service
begins with lamentations sung as we stand before the tomb of Christ commemorating
His unjust punishment and the shedding of His innocent blood. But the
service ends on a note of joy and hope, with the reading of the Prophet
Ezekiel in which he describes his vision of our resurrection yet to come;
in the midst of despair, we are told there is hope, for not even death
can separate us from the unfailing love and power of God. Death is about
to be conquered and faithfulness rewarded.
Holy Saturday Morning
Romans 6:3-11, Matthew 28:1-20.
On Holy Saturday morning we celebrate
the theme of faithfulness receiving its reward. The crucifixion is over,
Christ is buried, the twelve apostles and other disciples are scattered
and defeated. And yet, three myrrh-bearing women come in faithfulness
to perform the last act of love–to anoint Jesus according to the Jewish
burial custom. Their unwavering devotion is rewarded–they are the first
to share in Christ’s triumph over evil and death. They are the first witnesses
to the Resurrection. This joy is commemorated through the scattering of
bay leaves and rose petals by the priest.
Holy Saturday Evening and Easter Sunday Morning
The lamentations of the previous
night are repeated and the church is plunged into darkness to symbolize
the despair and defeat experienced before the dawn of Christ’s victory
over the Enemy of our salvation. Precisely at midnight, a single light
emerges from the altar representing the victory of Christ over death,
the defeat of the Prince of Darkness by Jesus, the Light of the World.
As the light is passed from person to person, it pushes back the darkness
of the church and defeats it completely. The Resurrection is proclaimed
in song and triumphant procession, and after the Liturgy, its light is
carried into our homes so that they too might be filled with its light
and warmth and triumph.
Easter Sunday Morning
Christ’s Resurrection and victory is affirmed in this
morning’s theme. The Gospel is read in several languages to illustrate
the universality of the Good News of the Resurrection and its proclamation
to the very ends of the earth. Love, forgiveness, reconciliation, triumph
and joy–these are the gifts which we receive because Christ lived and
died and triumphed for our sake.
GLORY BE TO HIM FOR ALL THINGS, AND MAY YOUR EASTER
Special thanks to St. Vasilios for providing this Holy
Week and Easter meditation.
Source: Saint Vasilios Greek Orthodox Church, Peabody,